Tarczycy

On completion of this section the cytotechnologist should know:

  • the anatomy and histology of the normal thyroid
  • the role of the thyroid hormones and the control of their production
  • the incidence of thyroid nodules and the diseases which can present as thyroid nodules
  • the diagnostic tests in thyroid nodules
  • the indications of thyroid fine needle aspiration
  • the aspiration technique and the slide preparation methods
  • the criteria for considering a specimen as adequate and the reasons why a smear may be unsatisfactory
  • all the features which must be considered in the evaluation of the specimen
  • the terminology for reporting results, the definition of suspicious aspirate and the Thy classification of thyroid specimens
  • the benign diseases which can be diagnosed by thyroid FNA
  • clinical and cytologic features of De Quervain`s thyroiditis
  • epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical and cytologic features of Hashimoto`s thyroiditis
  • clinical and cytologic features of multinodular goitre
  • the follicular lesions and the features which can differentiate between cytologically benign and cytologically malignant follicular lesions
  • classification, clinical and cytologic features of follicular adenoma
  • the criteria for differentiating between nodular hyperplasia and follicular neoplasia
  • clinical and cytologic features of follicular carcinoma
  • the cytologic features of Hurthle cells and the cytologic appearance of Hurthle cell tumors
  • the classification of the malignant tumors of the thyroid
  • epidemiology, classification and cytologic features of papillary carcinoma
  • the cytologic features of insular and anaplastic carcinoma
  • epidemiology, clinical and diagnostic features of medullary carcinoma
  • clinical and cytologic features of thyroid lymphoma
  • criteria for the differential diagnosis of thyroid diseases
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