Effusions (Up to date 2015)

Author (V2.0): Francesco Mauri

On completion of this section the cytotechnologist should know:

  • the physiopathology of the effusions
  • the collection and preparation methods
  • the role of cytology in effusions
  • the reporting terminology
  • cytologic features of normal mesothelial cells and inflammatory cells
  • cytologic features of atypical mesothelial cells and the causes of mesothelial atypia
  • cytologic features of inflammatory conditions
  • the features of malignant effusions
  • epidemiology, etiopathogenesis and cytologic features of malignant mesothelioma
  • cytologic features of metastatic tumors and lymphoma
  • criteria for differential diagnosis
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